Insomnia - La clinique du sommeil

Insomnia problems

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Insomnia: Takes more than fifteen minutes to fall asleep. Being awake for periods of fifteen to thirty minutes. Sleeping less than five hours per night. 

Symptoms of insomnia:  

  • Difficulty falling asleep at night
  • Waking up during the night
  • Waking up too early
  • Do not feel well rested after a night's sleep
  • Daytime fatigue or sleepiness durand day
  • Irritability, depression or anxiety
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Increased errors or accidents
  • Tension headaches
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Ongoing worries about sleep

When to consult a doctor

When insomnia brings difficulty to operate during the day, consult your doctor to determine what might be the cause of your sleep problem and how it can be treated. If your doctor thinks you may have a sleep disorder, you may be led to a sleep clinic.

Confirming a diagnosis of insomnia is based firstly on the review of complete polysomnography. 

The review will demystify whether from insomnia is physical or psychological.

Physical causes of insomnia

Insomnia can sometimes have a physical cause, such as restless legs syndrome or even sleep apnea. 

The restless legs syndrome results in sensations of burns, irritations, tingling in the legs at bedtime. These sensations compel the person to get up, walk to cool the legs in the shower and prevent sleep. This syndrome is associated with periodic leg movements during the night, which may interfere with the spouse.

Sommeill apnea is another cause physical causes of insomnia. It is very difficult to detect and causes significant fatigue in the morning and impaired memory and concentration.

These problems restless legs and sleep apnea are usually highlighted through spousal testimony.

Insomnia emotional

The most common is often triggered by events heartbreaking separation, bereavement, loss of employment. In these stressful conditions, it is normal to experience sleep problems. However, it may happen that sleep difficulties persist even after the disappearance of the factor that triggered the insomnia. The pilots have difficult schedules (time difference). Frequently encountered symptoms are insomnia with daytime sleepiness and anxiety. The menstrual cycle can affect sleep.

Aging is an important factor that can change our sleep cycle.

Stress plays an important role in insomnia. Relax and learn to manage stress will therefore be recommended to achieve a restful sleep.

Who is most at risk and what are the complications ?

Who is at risk?

  • Women are more susceptible to insomnia, changes in hormones during menopause may play a role.
  • You are aged 60 years and older.
  • You are stressed by personal events (death of a loved one, breakup).
  • You work at night or changing schedules.
  • Jetlag

Complications can include:

  • Decreased performance at work and school
  • Slower reactions while driving and accident risk augmantion.
  • Psychiatric problems such as depression and anxiety disease.
  • Overweight and obesity.
  • Lowered immune system.
  • Increased long-term risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.
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